New Working paper
Can Information about Health and Environment Beef Up the Demand for Meat Alternatives?
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New Working paper
Quality, Market Mechanisms and Regulation in the Food Chain
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"Focussing on questions related to quality and sustainability regulation in the food chain"
Analysis of crop production in the European Union
by Andrea Zimmermann, WP 4
Partnership Meeting
October 26-27, 2016
The role of seafood in healthy and sustainable diets
Basic facts related to seafood in the EU
Creating a Toolbox for Food and Nutrition Security
to better align the EU nutritional health and food production
New Working paper
Spatial heterogeneity of the agricultural sector in economic models
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"better understanding how agricultural land use reacts to price and policy signals"
New Working paper
Quality standards versus nutritional taxes: Health welfare impacts with strategic firms
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"a classification and systematic comparison of key mechanisms with regard to land use in various model applications"

Latest News

The reactions of land use to price and policy signals

Recent food price spikes and their potential link to an increased demand of biofuels and food, ongoing land use changes, such as conversion of tropical forest to agricultural land, and their relation to Green House Gas Emissions as well as discussions about the so called bio-economy – all these factors have renewed societal and scientific interest in better understanding how agricultural land use reacts to price and policy signals.
For scientists, especially economists, it is crucial to integrate these issues into models.

Analysis of crop production in the European Union

Crop production is the most crucial primary agricultural production activity for both food and nutrition security. Besides its importance for the direct human consumption, crop production is also crucial for producing feed for livestock and increasingly also for aquaculture.

Most generally, crop production is primarily determined by the interaction of land use and crop yields. Both land use and crop yields are affected by various drivers. The deliverable on drivers of crop production consists of two main parts.

Developing a fish module for an economic agricultural sector model

Being the fastest growing food producing sector, aquaculture has the potential to provide high quality protein sources and meet increasing future food demand.
However, the raising concerns over competition for land - direct and through feed competition – and sustainability as well as restrictive regulations may limit the expansion of aquaculture. We are working on a thorough literature review of the complex interlinkages across aquaculture, land use and sustainability.

The role of seafood in healthy and sustainable diets

The role of seafood in healthy and sustainable diets is complex. It is the most traded food commodity, has vastly different environmental sustainability, is essential in countries with undernourishment but being exported to developed countries where it is being promoted as a healthy and environmentally sound choice. In a public report due in September we intend to illustrate this complexity for defining optimized diets for EU citizens.

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Latest Publications

Deliverable 4.3: Establishing a common accounting system for the LCA and emission leakage in the CAPRI model

The CAPRI model can be used in order to estimate GHG emissions from the agricultural sector in the EU. However, the calculation follows the logic of the UNFCCC framework, assigning emissions to production activities and the regions where those activities take place. In order to move from a production towards a more consumption oriented perspective we developed an LCA-module (Life cycle Assessment), both for EU and Non-EU regions, covering not only regional emissions but also emission leakage and worldwide emissions.

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Deliverable 4.4: Crop production in the context of food and nutrition security

Crop production is the most crucial primary agricultural production activity for both food and nutrition security. Around 70% of the calories per capita and day come from plant-based products. Besides its importance for direct human consumption, crop production is also crucial for producing feed for livestock and aquaculture. The report provides a qualitative assessment of drivers of crop production and preliminary work for a quantitative analysis of crop production in the EU.

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Can Information about Health and Environment Beef Up the Demand for Meat Alternatives?

A lab experiment was conducted in France to evaluate the impact of different types of information on participants’ willingness-to-pay (WTP) and quantity choices for both beef burger meat and soy burger meat. Explanatory messages about the impact of beef and oy on health and environment were revealed to participants, before successive rounds of WTP determinations and quantity choices. Results show that the different WTP for beef are not statistically influenced by the successive rounds of messages. Conversely, messages significantly increase the WTP for soy meat, even if this effect is relatively weak. These explanatory messages also lead to weak changes in the chosen quantities of beef and soy. A last round with the introduction of a high-quality beef leads to a statistically significant increase in the WTP for beef. Moreover, the selected quantities between beef and soy almost return to the initial quantities, namely the ones chosen before the revelation of messages. This reversal of chosen quantities towards more beef compared to soy underlines the participants’sensitivity to beef quality, when meat substitutes are considered.

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Mechanisms and Regulation in the Food Chain

This paper focuses on questions related to the regulation of quality in the food chain. The paper first recalls the new challenges related to quality in the food chain, with an emphasis on the issue of sustainability. This first part underlines that the numerous dimensions related to sustainability make the regulation necessary but difficult. Then the paper introduces a partial equilibrium model calibrated with empirical data, for helping evaluate which regulatory instrument should be socially preferred ex ante on a case-by-case basis. An application to the milk market focuses on linseed for feeding dairy cows, which reduces methane emissions and increases the omega-3 content of milk. Simulations compare the impact of the exclusive use of one label signaling omega-3, versus the impact of a minimum-quality standard imposing linseed in the diet of all dairy cows. Both instruments would have a positive impact on consumers' surpluses and some producers’ profits. This application shows that details about the influence of regulatory tools on surpluses may be given on a case-by-case basis.

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Latest Blog Posts

 

How can we improve the food system in the EU, especially from the perspective of social, environmental and economic sustainability? How can we balance and encompass views on how to strengthen food and nutrition security in the EU?

These are the core questions of the SUSFANS project. SUSFANS’ overall goal is to come to a better food and nutrition system for human health, the environment and corporate enterprises in Europe.

Sep, 19 2016   0 Comments   Sebastian Eckert